The only circumstance in which a female inherited property was through a male sibling: Political and religious leaders in Alexandria sought her advice. Woman kneeling before an altar. It was seen as the norm for fourteen-year-old girls to marry men of the age of thirty.
In ancient Greece , women endured many difficulties and hardships especially in three main areas. Until marriage, women were under the guardianship of their fathers or other male relatives; once married, the husband became a woman's kyrios. Women of Ancient Sparta Since Sparta was a military society, that means that men were away from home all the time. At one time, it was believed that the way Athenian women were treated was typical of the other city-states. Sparta, which history clearly ranks as the cultural inferior of Athens on almost every scale, seems to have had a superior record in its treatment of women. Following are three of them. If a mother did not give birth to a male child, her daughter would be compelled to carry on the responsibility of producing a make heir: At social gatherings, intellectuals argued that perhaps men and women were two separate species. Women actually had fewer rights than slaves because they were never allowed their own freedoms. Other than playing the role of the child bearer, females served as housewives. Basically, they were charged with maintaining the households, especially while the men were away. As you can see, the circumstances of gaining inheritance were restricted and limited for women, and the laws were generally more favorable towards men. Athens, at that time, was in its golden age and as a city must have had the kind of appeal that New York, London and Paris have today. Soon, she became famous around Europe for her beauty and bravery. She became head of the Platonist school at Alexandria lecturing on mathematics, astronomy and philosophy attracting students from all over the ancient world. Women were not active in making the initial decision, because it was arranged and planned by a father figure or male relative. If a relative or child were to pass away, her inheritance would go directly to the husband, instead of being shared between the husband and wife. To fully examine the role of women in Ancient Greece, it helps to contrast the lives of women in Athens and the women in Sparta. If a woman wanted to terminate her marriage, she needed the help of her father or other male relative to represent her, because as a woman she was not considered a citizen of Greece. The issues and restrictions ancient Greek women tolerated, maintained the weak and subordinate view of females. Marriage was seen as an exchange and another opportunity for men to maintain the superior position. Efharis Petridou was the first female lawyer in Greece; in she joined the Athens Bar Association. Under her encouragement, her European friends contributed money and guns to the revolution. But he had offended Poseidon and the ruler of the seas threw many obstacles in his path. Women were restricted from participating in outside events in which men were involved. Additionally, in marriage, the issue of property aroused much conflict, supporting inequality between male and female. In ancient Greece , women were mistreated, degraded and controlled.
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