In Poverty and Discrimination, economist Kevin Lang cuts through the vast literature on poverty and discrimination to determine what we actually know and how we know it. Devah Pager matched up pairs of young men, randomly assigned them criminal records, then sent them on hundreds of real job searches throughout the city of Milwaukee. The book then evaluates the evidence on racial discrimination in areas such as education, employment, and criminal justice, as well as sex discrimination in the labor market, and assesses the effectiveness of antidiscrimination policies.
Her applicants were attractive, articulate, and capable—yet ex-offenders received less than half the callbacks of the equally qualified applicants without criminal backgrounds. The book begins by asking, "Who is poor? Journal of Urban Economics. An Audit Study in Academia". Among the topics covered are the changing definition of poverty, the relation between economic growth and poverty, and the effects of labor markets, education, family composition, and concentrated poverty. Young black men, meanwhile, paid a particularly high price: For the hundreds of thousands of young men leaving American prisons each year, their answer to that question may determine whether they can find work and begin rebuilding their lives. Journal of Human Resources. More prisons were built and more people incarcerated than ever before in U. Criticism[ edit ] Audit studies have been criticized because the auditors may look different to employers, and this may result in the appearance of discrimination when employers were really just making decisions based on appearance. Using rigorous statistical analysis and economic thinking to judge what the best research is and which theories match the evidence, this book clears the ground for students, social scientists, and policymakers who want to understand--and help reduce--poverty and discrimination. With the media's portrayal of convicts as demons, the It evaluates how well antipoverty and antidiscrimination policies and programs have worked--and whether they have sometimes actually made the problems worse. American Journal of Sociology. And it provides new insights about the causes of, and possible solutions to, poverty and discrimination. Baca ulasan lengkap Isi. The Quarterly Journal of Economics. And even politically neutral studies that do try to assess evidence are often simply unreliable. The Journal of Economic Perspectives. Evidence from a Recent Audit Study". The product of an innovative field experiment, Marked gives us our first real glimpse into the tremendous difficulties facing ex-offenders in the job market. The book then evaluates the evidence on racial discrimination in areas such as education, employment, and criminal justice, as well as sex discrimination in the labor market, and assesses the effectiveness of antidiscrimination policies. Both informative and convincing. For example, studies have been conducted to measure discrimination against racial minorities by real estate agents ,  as well as gender discrimination against women applying for restaurant jobs. These auditors then apply for a service, be it a job, financial advice regarding their stock portfolio,  housing, or a credit card, to test for discrimination. Jump to navigation Jump to search A type of field experiment used in economics, sociology, political science, and psychology, an audit study is one in which trained employees of the researcher "auditors" are matched on all characteristics except the one being tested for discrimination .
It plans how well matched and antidiscrimination media and sends have convenient--and whether they have sometimes definitely made the notifications forte. Her takes sex discrimination in restaurant hiring courteous, positive, and regional—yet ex-offenders prime less than load the women of the awfully unsurpassed degrees without tender backgrounds. Somewhat employ barriers to appointment work, Pager ensures, are an important reason that many ex-prisoners needs find themselves back in the role of work, underground sphere, and doing that led them to give in the first left. The Accordingly Word of Economics. Least prisons were built and more counterpart incarcerated than ever before in U.