Those councils often feature disproportionate representation from Catholic family organizations that disfavor same-sex adoptive parents. It is no accident if conservative political forces called for a referendum on the matter of same-sex marriage: The meetings take place behind closed doors, without any accountability.
This followed a report by an independent ethics panel in France which recommended that PMA law be revised to include lesbian couples and single people. It is no accident if conservative political forces called for a referendum on the matter of same-sex marriage: On 14 June , the National Assembly of France voted — against legalising same-sex marriage. He further claimed that supporting gay marriage was in itself homophobic because pressuring same-sex couples to adopt the same lifestyle as mainstream heterosexual couples shows disdain for an edgy queer subculture. Civil solidarity pact and Same-sex marriage in France Civil solidarity pacts PACS , a form of registered domestic partnerships , were enacted in for both same-sex and unmarried opposite-sex couples by the Government of Lionel Jospin. There is one more serious issue to consider: Debates around the PACS got quite heated. The anti-gay marriage movement, Manif Pour Tous or Protest For All , mounted a fierce campaign against the measure, at one point claiming to have drawn 1. All the same, the law finally passed. In January of , hundreds of thousands of people march the streets of Paris and other major French cities. One leader of La Manif pour tous, Frigide Barjot -the pseudonym of conservative activist Virginie Merle- who turned every one of her public appearances into a spectacle declares: This ordonnance  was intended to repress pimping. Around 7, same-sex marriages take place each year, but only a handful of same-sex couples manage to adopt. Due to differing texts, a joint session was established. As the success of the law seems more and more ineluctable, arguments ramp up toward violence. Unlike married couples, they were originally not allowed to file joint tax returns until after 3 years, though this was repealed in A little more than a month after the law passed, Vincent Autin and Bruno Boileau became the first same-sex couple to wed in France in a highly publicised ceremony in the southern city of Montpellier. On 12 July , the National Assembly approved a modified version of the bill which maintained the provisions outlawing psychiatrist certificates and proofs of sex reassignment surgery, while also dropping the original bill's provision of allowing self-certification of gender. Simultaneously, the gay-rights organization SOS Homophobie reported that homophobic attacks were reaching a peak. People are not as worried about getting married but they are worried about having families. Finally, in , with the advent of a charismatic leftist president, Francois Mitterrand, gay rights got a new boost through several key policies aimed at dismantling systemic discrimination. This has not stopped law-enforcement from harassing gay people for the next couple of centuries, while traditional ideas about sexuality have continued to thrive in a country defined by catholicism and patriarchal standards. The first joint adoption by a same-sex couple was announced on 18 October In June, France was wrapped in controversy after two regional adoption agency officials made disparaging remarks about same-sex couples: Then an ideological shift took place during the Enlightenment, with philosophers such as Montesquieu and Voltaire helping to challenge the stigma around same-sex relationships.
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