The girl blames her mother for her 'castrated state,' and this creates great tension. If the child obeys the id, and the parents yield, he or she might develop a self-indulgent personality characterized by personal slovenliness and environmental disorder. Any neuroses established during the fourth, latent stage, of psychosexual development might derive from the inadequate resolution either of the Oedipus conflict or of the Ego's failure to direct his or her energies towards socially acceptable activities.
If the parents respond to that, the child must comply, but might develop a weak sense of self , because it was the parents' will, and not the child's ego, which controlled the toilet training. Unresolved psychosexual competition for the opposite-sex parent might produce a phallic-stage fixation leading a girl to become a woman who continually strives to dominate men viz. The ego and superego develop in order to exercise this control and direct the need for gratification into socially acceptable channels. In the phallic stage, a boy's decisive psychosexual experience is the Oedipus complex , his son—father competition for possession of mother. The style of parenting influences the resolution of the id—ego conflict, which can be either gradual and psychologically uneventful, or which can be sudden and psychologically traumatic. Genital Stage puberty to adult This is the last stage of Freud's psychosexual theory of personality development and begins in puberty. Nonetheless, the infantile ego is forming during the oral stage; two factors contribute to its formation: The first defense mechanism is repression , the blocking of memories, emotional impulses, and ideas from the conscious mind; yet it does not resolve the Id—Ego conflict. Freud also believed that all tension was due to the build-up of libido sexual energy and that all pleasure came from its discharge. Postulates of this Model: The genital stage affords the person the ability to confront and resolve his or her remaining psychosexual childhood conflicts. The anal expulsive, on the other hand, underwent a liberal toilet-training regime during the anal stage. The second defense mechanism is Identification , by which the child incorporates, to his or her ego, the personality characteristics of the same-sex parent; in so adapting, the boy diminishes his castration anxiety , because his likeness to father protects him from father's wrath as a rival for mother; by so adapting, the girl facilitates identifying with mother, who understands that, in being females, neither of them possesses a penis, and thus they are not antagonists. Gratification centers in different areas of the body at different stages of growth, making the conflict at each stage psychosexual. Whether or not the child has successfully resolved the Oedipal conflict , the instinctual drives of the id are inaccessible to the Ego, because his or her defense mechanisms repressed them during the phallic stage. Freud thus considered a girl's Oedipal conflict to be more emotionally intense than that of a boy, potentially resulting in a submissive woman of insecure personality. The little boy then sets out to resolve this problem by imitating, copying and joining in masculine dad-type behaviors. Freud said oral stimulation could lead to an oral fixation in later life. Hence, because said drives are latent hidden and gratification is delayed — unlike during the preceding oral, anal, and phallic stages — the child must derive the pleasure of gratification from secondary process-thinking that directs the libidinal drives towards external activities, such as schooling, friendships, hobbies, etc. During the phallic stage what the boy loves most is his penis. Fixation refers to the theoretical notion that a portion of the individual's libido has been permanently 'invested' in a particular stage of his development. These are called psychosexual stages because each stage represents the fixation of libido roughly translated as sexual drives or instincts on a different area of the body. The child is now fully aware that they are a person in their own right and that their wishes can bring them into conflict with the demands of the outside world i. Electra Complex For girls, the Oedipus or Electra complex is less than satisfactory. Three essays on the theory of sexuality.
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